It may come as no surprise that New Mexico’s climate presents some extreme challenges when it comes to lawn maintenance, landscaping, and gardening. The mild, arid continental climate means there is very little precipitation and coupled with extreme heat and a higher altitude means that maintaining a dazzlingly green lawn can be difficult. The New Mexico State University College of Agricultural, Consumer, and Environmental Sciences (ACES) is dedicated to improving the lives of New Mexicans, the nation, and the world through its research, teaching, and extension programs. By using research and applied knowledge, they pass a variety of lawn maintenance and yard care related knowledge onto New Mexicans through their extension programs.
About NMSU ACES and Extension Programs
The base programs of the Extension Services include agriculture and natural resources, consumer and family issues, youth development, and community and economic development. These programs are in place through NMSU in an effort to give the people of New Mexico real, working research-based knowledge designed to improve the quality of life. When it comes to turf care and landscaping, the Extension Services offer information prudent to the climate of New Mexico with many of their resources geared toward drought management, irrigation, weed control, lawn fertilization, and general lawn maintenance.
Lawn Maintenance Research
The NMSU ACES and Extension Services are centered around Agricultural Experiment Station. Research is aimed toward enhancing agriculture while maintaining natural resources. NMSU’s Agricultural Experiment Station is the main research unit and is currently working on important issues in agriculture on both a large production scale and on an individual level.
These pages contain an abundance of information regarding weed control and weeds that are prevalent in New Mexico that can be helpful to lawn services and homeowners across the country. It contains downloadable ebooks on Troublesome Weeds of New Mexico. Additionally, it classifies weeds into 3 categories: Class A are not present in the state or have limited distribution. Class B is limited to certain areas of the state. And Class C are widespread. There is also an index of weeds that is searchable by flower color, which can be a valuable resource for lawn care.
These pages include brush and weed information for residents and lawn maintenance companies. These pages are divided into a couple of different categories that include everything from lawn treatment recommendations to environmental considerations for field and lawn spraying. Landscape and Agronomic Weeds covers weeds in cropping systems, lawns, and landscapes. Brush and Weeds in Non-Crops offer information on weeds and brush located in rangelands, pastures, and wildlands. Each of these sections also features a particular weed of concern with relevant information.
This research document contains a wealth of information on diseases of lawns and landscapes. The document includes twenty pages of photos and descriptions of lawn diseases and offers lawn care solutions for addressing diseases in turf. Each section is broken down by causal agents, symptoms, conditions for disease, and management which makes it easier for homeowners to identify and treat issues without having to rely on hiring a professional lawn care service.
A healthy lawn as a baseline is one of the best preventive measures for safeguarding against diseases of turf. These pages are designed to assist homeowners in establishing a healthy yard from start to finish. From selecting the right turfgrass to cultivate to keys for maintenance of that lawn, these pages are a fantastic resource for starting and maintaining an inviting lawn and landscape.
This guide addresses some of the most important aspects of mowing your grass. Highlights of these pages discuss mowing height, mowing frequency, whether to mulch grass clippings or bag them, choosing the right mower for your lawn care needs, mowing patterns and directions, and special care necessary around trees in your landscape.
Because of the dry conditions in New Mexico, most lawns will require irrigation as a necessity for proper turf care and to have a thick, green lawn. However, drought conditions also mean limited watering is available to sustain plants. These pages discuss some of the most efficient ways of watering so that greenery achieves an acceptable level of appearance and quality with little or no waste.
Again, the arid climate must be considered when selecting the right grass for your outdoor space. These pages are dedicated to turfgrass selection for New Mexico. They suggest turfgrass choices for New Mexicans based on irrigation studies by comparing and contrasting the benefits of both warm-season grasses and cool-season grasses.
This helpful guide highlights insects that are beneficial to your lawn and garden. Many of these beneficial insects can help to keep harmful insects and pests away. Included in these pages is information on attracting and retaining these beneficial insects through cultural and environmental measures to help keep your yard looking its absolute best.
Here, NMSU has compiled some of the most useful gardening information through its Extension Program. Chapters of this document include Environment, Plant Science, Plant Problems, Ornamental Horticulture, Vegetables and Herb Gardening, Fruits, and Diagnostic Process. Each chapter is further divided by topic to make it easy to locate and research particular areas of interest as it relates to your lawn and garden.
NMSU’s ACES and Extension Services provide a significant amount of resources to the community. Because the climate presents many challenges to horticulture and agriculture, their research and knowledge go a long way when it comes to growing and maintaining a home lawn. The research and tools are invaluable in providing real solutions to complex problems associated with the climate and altitude.